1. Figures derived from internal Humana September 2021 data. 2. Mankato Clinic July 2021 data.
3. Paxton Medical July 2021 data.
4. Intermountain Health Care July 2021 data.
5. Ziliak JP, Gundersen C. The Health Consequences of Senior Hunger in the United States: Evidence from the 1999-2014 NHANES. Report submitted
to Feeding America; 2017. Accessed Aug. 12, 2021.
6. Oronce, C. I. A., Miake-Lye, I. M., Begashaw, M. M., Booth, M., Shrank, W. H., & Shekelle, P. G. (2021). Interventions to Address Food Insecurity Among Adults in Canada and the US. JAMA Health Forum, 2(8), e212001.
7. The%20State%20of%20Senior%20Hunger.pdf.
8. The%20State%20of%20Senior%20Hunger.pdf.
9. Hostetter, J., Schwarz, N., Klug, M., Wynne, J., & Basson, M. D. (2020, July 28). Primary care visits increase utilization of evidence-based preventative health measures. Retrieved August 11, 2021, from
10. Humana Medicare Advantage member health results were limited to medical claims incurred during the 2020 calendar year. Humana compared members affiliated with providers in a value-based reimbursement model agreement versus an estimation of original fee-for-service Medicare medical costs using CMS Limited Data Set Files from 2019. Estimates of cost, admission and emergency department savings are subject to restatement with the availability of more current CMS data.
11. “No Time to Waste: Deferred Care and Pandemic Recovery;” Medical Group Management Association, 2021, landing-pages/no-time-to-waste.
12. DispatchHealth July 2021 data.
13. Waste in the US Health Care System: Estimated Costs and Potential for Savings | Health Care Quality | JAMA | JAMA Network.
14. “Primary Care Spending in the Fee-for-Service Medicare Population;” RAND Corp., 2019,
15. Basu et al. (2020, June 25). Primary care PRACTICE finances in The United States amid The COVID-19 PANDEMIC: Health Affairs Journal. Health Affairs.
16. Thousands of medical practices close under stress from pandemic. (n.d.). practices-close-under-stress-from-pandemic.html.

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